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Talking About The Application Of RFID Technology In Express Industry
Dec 21, 2018

First, the introduction of RFID technology

RFID is the abbreviation of (Radio Frequency Identification), which is commonly known as electronic tag. It is a non-contact automatic identification technology. It automatically recognizes the target object and acquires relevant data through radio frequency signals. The identification work can be done without manual intervention. In a variety of harsh environments. RFID technology can recognize high-speed moving objects and recognize multiple labels at the same time, which is quick and easy to operate.

A complete RFID system consists of three parts: the reader and the electronic tag and application software system. The basic working principle of RFID technology is not complicated: after the tag enters the magnetic field, it receives the RF signal from the reader, and sends the product information (passive tag) stored in the chip by the energy obtained by the induced current, or actively sends a certain one. Frequency signal (active tag); the reader reads the information and decodes it, then sends it to the central information system for data processing.

Second, analyze the problems in the development of China's express delivery industry

(1) Lack of effective information feedback mechanism to achieve supervision and tracking of express delivery business processes.

(2) Informatization investment is less. Because the number of private express delivery companies is large, the scale is small, and the financial strength is weak, most of them are unable to bear the high cost of information transformation, so the degree of informationization is generally low. In the future of rapid development of the express delivery industry, there will be a trend of mergers and acquisitions in the industry.

(3) The level of informatization is low, the degree of automation is not high, and manpower is generally used. Under normal circumstances, normal operation can be maintained. Once the peak period is reached, such as double eleven, double twelve, etc., the e-commerce promotion season will appear. Explosion, a large backlog of shipments, failure to deliver on time, etc., the disadvantages of manpower operation will be exposed.

(4) The processing and application level of logistics information is low, and the logistics information is not effectively utilized to realize value added.

Third, FedEx's case of using RFID technology

FedEx has tested multiple uses of RFID and has been successfully applied to the daily operations of FedEx. They believe that if they can cooperate with effective monitoring methods, the application of RFID in individual fields can benefit both the company and the customers. For example, in the United States, when the FedEx courier returns to the truck, simply press the RFID button on the wristband to open the door and start the engine. FedEx has also begun testing RFID technology in Australia, mainly using RFID tags and scanners to automatically check and report on the status of pending shipments. At present, without the help of the RFID tag, the staff must check and scan each package to confirm its current status, and then update the package information in the system for customers to check at any time. As long as the RFID technology is effectively used, we can set up an RFID tag that can actively report data on each shipment waiting for customs clearance, so that the shipment can periodically send signals to the RFID scanner. In this way, FedEx can get more information about the shipment, improve the efficiency of the staff, and most importantly, provide customers with more information, so that they can always grasp the status of the package.

Fourth, the status quo of RFID technology used in the express delivery industry, existing problems and future prospects

At present, the application of RFID technology in the express delivery industry mainly involves the following aspects: First, in the express distribution center for large quantities of parcels and express mail, through RFID technology, using the relevant logistics information in RFID, to achieve automatic, high-speed express mail Sorting. In China's private small and medium-sized express delivery companies generally use manual manual sorting, the use of RFID technology, coupled with automatic sorting system, can greatly improve the efficiency of sorting, and win the advantage for the express company in the fierce competition in the industry. Secondly, in the process of express shipment, the RFID is attached to the shipment, and GPS technology is used to realize real-time tracking of the shipment, so that the sender and the recipient can query the location of the shipment through the Internet, and obtain better. Service experience. The third is to manage the reusable assets of the express delivery enterprise such as vehicles, pallets, etc., using RFID readable and writable features, to record asset-related information into RFID, and then cooperate with relevant systems to achieve lean management of assets.

Although RFID technology has been applied in some parts of the express delivery industry, it also shows obvious good results in reducing costs and improving efficiency. However, as a new technology, the research and application at this stage is still not mature enough and needs further improvement. Mainly reflected in the following aspects: First, the price is expensive. The price of each RFID tag is often as high as several hundred dollars. Second, the reliability is poor. Compared with bar codes, the accuracy of RFID reading data is not so satisfactory. In the FedEx test, they found that the accuracy of reading RFID tag data was about 75%, and the accuracy of reading bar code data was as high as 99%. In practical applications, the accuracy is more likely to be further reduced by the nature of the items in the shipment (whether it contains liquid, metal or electronic items) and the location of the label; thirdly, the compatibility is poor, and some RFID technologies are not compatible with existing ones. The system and technology lack a unified standard.

From the current point of view, there are still some problems in RFID technology, but I don't want to hide it. I believe that in the near future, through continuous research by researchers and continuous exploration and application in the express delivery industry, RFID technology will definitely bring revolutionary breakthroughs to the express delivery industry!